Flooding is a natural phenomenon with random characteristics. Floods of any size can occur at virtually any time, particularly during the summer wet season. Floods can cause damage to property and affect the lives, livelihoods and life-styles of residents.
Floodplain management aims to reduce the impact of floods on individuals and the community as a whole. This requires an integrated approach which takes into account the risk and consequences of flooding as well as the social and environmental issues relating to flooding and flood mitigation/management.