Threatened species and communities

Beach Thick Knee Photo: D Milledge

Legislation and definitions

The Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act) is the Australian Government’s central piece of environmental legislation. It provides a legal framework to protect and manage nationally and internationally important flora, fauna, ecological communities and heritage places — defined in the EPBC Act as matters of national environmental significance.

"The NSW Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 identifies and protects native plants and animals in danger of becoming extinct. The Act also provides for species recovery and threat abatement programs.” (OEH)

    • Schedule 1 lists threatened species, populations and ecological communities and species that are endangered or presumed extinct.
    • Schedule 2 lists vulnerable species
    • Schedule 3 lists key threatening processes.

Endangered, vulnerable or extinct?

    • A species that is 'presumed extinct ' has not been located in nature during the preceding fifty years despite the searching of known and likely habitats.
    • An ' endangered ' species, population or ecological community is likely to become extinct or is in immediate danger of extinction.
    • A ' vulnerable ' species is likely to become endangered unless the circumstances and factors threatening its survival or evolutionary development cease to operate.

Key threatening process

A threatening process is something that threatens, or could potentially threaten, the survival or evolutionary development of a species, population or ecological community. A threat can be listed under the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 (TSC Act) as a 'key threatening process' if it adversely affects threatened species, populations or ecological communities or if it could cause species, populations or ecological communities that are not threatened to become threatened.

Source: Office of Environment and Heritage

Byron Shire's threatened flora and fauna

A full list of threatened plants, animals and other significant species as well as Key Threatening Processes can be downloaded here .

Further information about a range of species is provided below:

Litoria Olongburensis Photo: D Milledge

Littoral rainforest, Brunswick Heads Nature Reserve Photo: D Milledge

Useful links


Byron Shire Council, 2004. Byron Biodiversity Conservation Strategy: A report prepared by Byron Shire Council .

Department of Environment and Conservation 2004. Biodiversity it’s everyone’s business . Natural Resource Management Advisory Series: Note 12.

Landmark Ecological Services, Ecograph and Terrafocus. 1999. Byron Flora and Fauna Study, August 1999. A report prepared for Byron Shire Council.

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